Health sector has come a long way to provide the most advanced medical equipments and qualified cadres as well as expand the cover of health services allover the country through a wide network of hospitals and health centers. Health services in Qatar are discharged through a compact link chain from primary to intensive care and from health centers and major hospitals.
The Supreme Health Council, to the jurisdictions of the Ministry of Health was transferred in 2009 to be higher authority of health care affairs in the country, provides the best standard of health care services including preventive and treatment health services at standards of good reputation and international recognition. It performs that within the public policy of the state through the following functions:
1. Preparing the national strategic health services based on Qatar national vision 2030; and formulating health services policies, programs and plans and the required supervision and follow-up systems to implement the national health services strategy.
2. Endorsing the plans to prepare the required medical, health and administrative cadres and training the national workforce and developing and supporting scientific researches and studies in health fields in coordination with the concerned government departments.
3. organizing the establishment of private health institutions such as hospitals, clinics, health labs, pharmacies and supporting medical professions centers.
4. concluding agreements with regard to general health, researches, health management and health education with the counter authorities and establishments in collaboration with the concerned authorities.
5. endorsing the agreements and partnerships with authorities and companies that help the council achieve its objectives; holding shares in or establishing partnerships with such parties.
6. preparing the required strategies to upgrade health awareness and spread health culture in the country.
The supreme health council supervises the following health institutions:
1. Hamad Medical Corporation.
2. General hospitals, primary health centers and other general health facilities.
3. Private medical institutions including hospitals, clinics, medical labs, pharmacies and supporting medical professions centers.
Preventive Health Care Services
Preventive health care services are concerned with fighting contagious diseases; carrying out vaccination, controlling food, managing quarantine services, providing mother and child care health education and insuring environmental health and safety. A section for incommunicable diseases was set up comprising three units: tobacco control unit, chronic diseases and accidents control and statistics unit and nutrition unit.
Primary Health Care
The Primary Health Services Department of Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) supervises 23 primary health care centers, which are conveniently distributed across the country. It provides various programs including health awareness; child and mother care; immunization against child diseases; diagnostic and treatment services of common and chronic diseases; medicines; nutritious food; clean water and ambulance and emergency services.
The State continues to set up health centers on the highways such as al-Shamal, Dukhan, Abu Samra and Mesaieed highways, in collaboration with the ambulance and emergency health services centers, thus effectively stretching health care activity outside Doha.
Health Commission Services
Health Commission Department carries out medical checks on everybody entering the country for work or visit, and issues certificates of health fitness for such categories as those who are about to get married and who are applying for jobs, universities or public housing.
The Medical Licenses Department issues medical, health and pharmaceutical professions and facilities licenses and human medicine, dentistry, assistant technicians of all specialties in addition to pharmacists and nurses.
Pharmacy and Drug Control Department:
Pharmacy and Drug Control Department is responsible for proposing drug policy; organizing the work of pharmacies; supervising drugs prices; ensuring that pharmacies and drug stores abide by the current laws and regulations; coordinating and cooperating with the concerned departments in regard to counterfeit medications; setting drug dispensation controls; issuing importation licenses of drugs, pharmaceutical materials and insecticides; registering drugs companies and their products; and supervising the use of medicinal herbs and traditional drugs.
The Overseas Medical Offices Department follows up the cases chosen by the Overseas Medical Committee and the Overseas Medical Consultative Committee for treatment abroad.
The Higher Institute of Nursing
Inaugurated in October 1999, the Higher Institute of Nursing is a national educational body affiliated to the National Health Authority (NHA. It offers a two and a half-year program to obtain the Associated Diploma of Nursing (ADN) in English instruction.
The institute aims to prepare qualified nursing national cadres, with a special emphasis on encouraging females to take up this profession. This is why Qatari female students at the institute are offered a monthly allowance of QR1800 each, and tuition is free for non-Qatari female students.
Decision has been taken to introduce a bridging program leading to B.SC of nursing in collaboration with the faculty of Science at Qatar University.
Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC)
Established in 1982, HMC is one of the region's most distinguished specialized medical establishments. Presently, the corporation supervises the following hospitals: Hamad General Hospital, Rumaila Hospital, Women Hospital, Al-Khoor Hospital and Al-Amal Hospital. It won the JCI certification for quality health facilities.
- Hamad General Hospital (HGH)
Inaugurated in 1982, HGH has 616 beds distributed among all sections, the most important of which are: surgery, pediatrics, internal diseases, anesthetic, laboratory medicine and pathology. Accidents and emergency section works round the clock, and was augmented by the enhanced ambulance service program in June 1999 to cater for urgent medical cases.
Outpatient clinics have witnessed further expansion in 1999 with the opening of a new four-story building with 104 checkrooms, several laboratories, a pharmacy and spacious waiting areas.
- The Women's Hospital
Inaugurated in 1988, the Women's Hospital has 334 beds, an assisted conception unit and a neonatal intensive care unit. It conducts a comprehensive prevention and immunization program for newborns. Mothers are also vaccinated before they leave the hospital. Expectant mothers are checked at the hospital with advanced equipments including ultrasonic wave systems, which are operated by a number of highly trained Qatari female doctors.
- Rumailah Hospital
This 362-bed hospital was opened in 1957 and renovated in 1977. The corporation is in the process of transforming Rumaila into a general hospital. Thus a comprehensive upgrading of diagnostic services including x-ray and laboratory units is underway. Three operating theatres with attached supplementary observation and intensive care units were added and an advanced dental clinic was completed. The physical therapy unit is under development and is being supported with the most advanced rehabilitation equipments and therapy techniques. The hospital provides geriatric medical care for men and women, rehabilitation and physical therapy for victims of accidents and curative services for disabled children. It has specialized treatment units for burns, tuberculosis and chest diseases, plastic surgery; sections for dermatology and venereal diseases and a dental clinic, which are all operating from a 45-room examination facility.
- Al Amal Hospital (for tumor treatment)
This is a pioneering center for tumor diagnosis and specialized treatment of cancer. Its services include early detection, treatment, consultation, rehabilitation, education and awareness services for patients and their families. It has the required equipment and staff to accommodate 3000 to 4500 patients per year.
This hospital has 82 beds divided among men, women and children; 3 radiation treatment systems and sections for X-Ray, laboratories, drug dispensary, physics and nuclear diagnosis.
- Al-Khor Hospital
This QR85 million hospital was inaugurated in May 2005. It aims to provide quality and integrated medical, health and diagnostic services in all medical specializations and dedicates its services to the people in northern Qatar. It has separate 119-bed inpatient wings for various medical specializations. Of this bed capacity 13 beds are allocated to the intensive care units for adults and children and 4 are dedicated to newborns. Al-Khor hospital also has 8 state-of-the-art wings for surgical operations, ready to handle different cases. The hospital is further supported by 24-hour sophisticated auxiliary facilities including, for example, the X-Ray department which boasts ultra-modern medical equipment like those used in computed axial tomography (CAT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); the department of medical laboratories which carries out various tests such as blood and immunity tests; a blood bank; an emergency unit and a children emergency unit.
-Hamad Medical City Complex (HNCC)
With three specialized hospitals including a 338-bed hospital for children, a 200-bed hospital for bone diseases and a 230-bed hospital for medical rehabilitation; in addition to a dialysis unit, a 40-bed minor surgery unit, a 300-bed nursing home for the elderly, HMCC will be the largest comprehensive medical facility in the Middle East.
The complex also includes a building for the National Health Authority (NHA), a 240-room accommodation for female nurses, a 2409-room accommodation for male employees and a social and sports club for the staff of the medical sector.
The Private Health Sector
Accounting for 166 private clinics and medical complexes, 219 dental clinics, 4 general hospitals and 1421 medical doctors in 2007.
- Al-Ahli Specialized Hospital
This 43,000-sq meter private hospital provides pediatrics, internal medicine and dentistry curative services; and has specialized laboratories, X-Ray, physical therapy and the pharmacy sections.